Start with a nested list of links.
There are many resources on using CSS to create fancy navigation bars. My top recommendation for any web designer is to start with CSS Max Design. They have a listutorial that explains the trick to creating horizontal and vertical navigation menus using only HTML and CSS. They also explain how to style nested lists. CSS Max Design also has a repository of probably 100 different menu styles, all using HTML and CSS only.
For the Superfish menu to work, you must begin with a nested list of links. Go to CSS Max Design’s Listamatic 2 and chose a CSS-driven layout that we liked (horizontal or vertical) – my favorite was “borders and indents” – you pick your own. It really doesn’t matter which menu you like because they all use the exact same HTML code.
Step 1: Copy the HTML Code and paste it on your web page.
A good place to stick this code is right after your header (<h1>) or in a banner or header div (<div id=”banner”>
Step 2: Change the <ul id=”subnavlist”> to <ul class=”subnavlist”>
Why? With the listamatic, they only contain 1 nested list (under “item one”). However, in the real world, there are typically 2 or more nested lists. Since the id attribute is a unique identifier, in theory, you should not have the same id attribute twice. That’s reserved for a class attribute.
Your nested list of links should look something like this when you’re done:
You’ll note I added a comment at the top, that was not in the listamatic, but it doesn’t really affect anything. Note also how I added a second “subnavlist”.
You might like to know that you can most probably nest a nested list. In my workshop, I did a quadruple nested list (a list within a list within a list within a list) just to see how the superfish handled it, and the only issue was the width of the entire menu made it a little cramped.
<div id="navcontainer"> <!-- Create an unordered list of links --> <ul id="navlist"> <li><a href="index.html">Home</a></li> <li><a href="#">Page One</a> <ul> <li><a href="#">Sub Item One</a></li> <li><a href="#">Sub Item Two</a></li> <li><a href="#">Sub Item Three</a> </li> <li><a href="#">Page Two</a></li> <li><a href="#">Page Three</a> </ul> <li><a href="#">Sub Item One</a></li> <li><a href="#">Sub Item Two</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="#">Page Four</a></li> </ul> </div>
Create an external style sheet for your Navbar
Did you see my post on Notepad++, because it’s the best web design tool in the universe. If you don’t have Notepad++, download it now, and then you can proceed.
Step 3: Find a Listamatic2 Navbar that you Like
Note: if you are a seasoned code monkey, you may wish to create your own CSS code for the navigation bar. If that’s you, just skip the steps involving copy and paste from listamatic2.
- In Notepad++ (or whatever editor you like) Create a new file
- Find the listamatic2 CSS code that you want to use on your site
- Note: you’re welcome to do all the code yourself
- Copy all the CSS code and paste it into the file
- Title it, “navigation.css”
- note: I’m a firm believer in having a separate CSS file for your navigation, so it’s easier to locate
Step 4: Make Any Stylistic Changes that You Want
I often times make my students change the color schemes and fonts and encourage them to experiment with background images as well.
Step 5: Fix the CSS to Match the HTML Change from Step 2
What you’re going to do now is change every line of code in your CSS that states, “#subnavlist” to “.subnavlist” That’s because in CSS # is for an id attribute and the dot . is for class attributes.
Have you met my favorite shortcut key from Notepad++? It’s called “Replace.” In Notepad, it’s called “Find and Replace” either way, this is the time to familiarize yourself with that little shortcut.
- In Notepad++ AND in Notepad, type “Ctr + H” that opens the find and replace
- In the find window, type “#subnavlist”
- In the replace window, type “.subnavlist”
- Choose “Replace All”
Step 6: Test and Fix the navbar to make sure it looks good
This I can’t help you with. If you get stuck, or things are not working, you may wish to start over. It’s most likely due to steps 2 and 5. If you don’t mind having only 1 subnavlist or you what to throw semantic markup out the window, ignore steps 2 and 5 and hope for the best.
Add Your Superfish Files
- First link to ‘jquery-1.2.6.min.js’ through a script tag
- Next, link to ‘superfish.js’ through a script tag
Note: the link to superfish.css is unnecessary for this (since we used the CSS from Listamatic2
Step 9: Initialize the Superfish
Initialize the superfish through a script tag like so
According to the instructions on the Superfish home page, it says to add a class=”sf-menu” to your unordered list, but that’s only because they don’t realize how smart you are. You already gave an id attribute of ‘navlist’ to your <ul>. When you initialize the plug-in, you specify what tag gets adjusted by the Superfish, it’s the section where it says jQuery(‘ul.sf-menu’). Since our list has an id of navlist, you simply change the jQuery function call to jQuery(‘ul#navlist’), and it will work just fine.
Note: you could also just add class=”sf-menu” to your unordered list, but then it would be jQuery(‘ul.sf-menu’)